Beranda » Enviromental Health » Upaya Pencegahan Flu Burung Masyarakat di Kabupaten Tangerang

Senin, 12 Maret 2012 - 14:49:23 WIB*
Upaya Pencegahan Flu Burung Masyarakat di Kabupaten Tangerang
Diposting oleh : Desy Hiryani
Kategori: Enviromental Health - Dibaca: 957 kali

Selfi Octaviani Lestari*, Zakianis**, Wibowo Ady Sapta*

*Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Tanjungkarang, Jl. Soekarno-Hatta No.1 BandarLampung, e-mail: shelfye_thar@yahoo.co.id
**Departemen Kesehatan Lingkungan Fakultas Kesehatan MasyarakatUniversitas Indonesia

Abstrak
Flu burung di Indonesia masih merupakan masalah kesehatan. Tahun2005-2008 terdapat 30 kasus suspek flu burung di Kabupaten Tangerang,meliputi 18 kasus confirmed dan 16 kasus meninggal (case fatality rate =CFR 87,5%). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui upaya pencegahanflu burung di tengah masyarakat Kecamatan Cikupa, Curug, Pasar Kemisdan Sepatan, Kabupaten Tangerang pada tahun 2009. Penelitian ini menggunakandata sekunder dari Yayasan Bangun Indonesia, yang dilakukanterhadap masyarakat dengan sumber informasi terdiri dari ibu rumah tangga,remaja, tokoh agama, tokoh masyarakat dan peternak. Survei dilakukanterhadap pengetahuan reponden tentang flu burung, kebersihan peroranganresponden, sanitasi makanan, dan sanitasi lingkungan. Jumlah sampel320 responden yang diperoleh dari 4 Kecamatan. Hasil penelitian inimenemukan bahwa pengetahuan responden tentang flu burung masihbelum baik (62,2%), kebersihan perorangan terkait flu burung masih buruk(57,1%), sanitasi makanan bersumber unggas belum baik (61%) dan secaraumum semua variabel sanitasi lingkungan sudah baik, hanya sanitasikandang unggas yang sebagian besar masih buruk (57,1%). Penghasilanrata-rata masyarakat Tangerang yang masih rendah, menyebabkan pengeluaranmereka masih diprioritaskan untuk membeli kebutuhan pokokrumah tangga daripada pencegahan flu burung.
Kata kunci: Upaya, pencegahan, flu burung

Abstract
Avian Influenza is still a major health problem in Indonesia. In Tangerangdistrict within the period of 2005-2008, 30 suspect cases were found, 18confirmed. Sixteen (16) died because of this disease (case fatality rate =87,5%). The objective of this research was to study prevention measures towardsAvian Influenza within the community at Cikupa, Curug, Pasar Kemisand Sepatan sub-districts, Tangerang in 2009. A descriptive study was carriedout towards community involving the households, teenagers; religiousleader, community leader and poultry business as selected respondent.Information to collect consisted of knowledge about Avian Influenza, personalhygiene, food sanitation based on bird and environmental sanitation.Total of sample were 320 respondents from each sub-District. Data weretaken from secondary data of Bangun Indonesia Foundation as researchexecutor. This research found that more than a half of respondents (62.2%)have good knowledge about AI, (57.1%) about personal hygiene related toAvian Influenza, 61% about food sanitation based on bird were goodenough (61%). In general environmental sanitation variables were somewhatgood except for cage where 51% still bad. In the effort to prevent AvianInfluenza in Cikupa, Curug, Pasar Kemis, and Sepatan communities,Tangerang District, 2009, one of variables were still poor (57.1%) that wassanitation of bird cages. Avian Influenza cases in Tangerang District is stillhigh, due to non supportive people behavior and poor environment sanitationproven by poor sanitation of bird’s nest. Low household income ofTangerang district’s people, bringing about them to spend more on basicgoods rather than Avian Influenza preventive action.
Key words: Effort, prevention, avian influenza
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